Novel site-specific DNA modification in Streptomyces: Analysis of preferred intragenic modification sites present in a 5.7 kb amplified DNA sequence
Both Streptomyces lividans and Streptomyces avermitilis encode similar systems of post-replicative DNA modification which act site-specifically on closely opposed guanines on either strand. The modifications can be detected since they react in vitro with an oxidative derivative of Tris, resulting in strand cleavage. Previous analysis of the preferred modification site of plasmid pIJ101 indicated that extensive amounts of flanking sequence, including direct and inverted repeat structures, are required to direct modification in vivo within a central 6 bp palindrome. We have now examined the preferred modification sites of a chromosomal element, the 5.7 kb amplified DNA sequence (ADS5.7) found in certain S.lividans mutants. In contrast to the pIJ101 site, each of the ADS5.7 sites is intragenic and modified with a 10-fold reduced frequency. However, similar extents of flanking sequence are required for authentic double-strand modification; deletion mutants exhibited different modification profiles, including displaced double-stranded or single-stranded modification. Comparison of different modification sites reveals conservation of the central core sequence, but no significant similarities between flanking sequences. Enhanced modification was detected in a cloned region of the ADS5.7, suggesting that local DNA topology, probably influenced by both DNA supercoiling and the nature of flanking sequences, can influence the modifying activity.