Application of lactococcin BZ and enterocin KP against Listeria monocytogenes in milk as biopreservation agents
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CitationYildirim, Z., Oncul, N., Yildirim, M., & Karabiyikli, S. (2016). Application of Lactococcin Bz and Enterocin Kp against Listeria Monocytogenes in Milk as Biopreservation Agents. AKADEMIAI KIADO RT.
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of lactococcin BZ and enterocin KP against Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644 in skim (0.1%), half (1.5%), and full fat (3.0%) UHT milks. The milk samples were inoculated with L. monocytogenes at the level of approximately 2.60, 4.76, and 6.45 log CFU ml(-1), and then treated with various concentrations (400, 800, 1600, or 2500 AU ml(-1)) of lactococcin BZ, enterocin KP, or their combination (1: 1). Lactococcin BZ at 400-2500 AU ml(-1) level displayed strong antilisterial activity, and decreased the viable cell numbers of L. monocytogenes to an undetectable level in all types of milk samples during the entire storage periods at 4 degrees C or 20 degrees C. Enterocin KP also had a high antilisterial effect, but it decreased as both the fat content of milk and inoculation amount of L. monocytogenes increased.