Morphological and molecular identification of a new species Meloidogyne artiellia (Franklin) on wheat fauna in Turkey
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Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) are among some of the most economically important plant parasitic nematodes in the world. It is known that the nematode belong to Meloidogyne genus causes significantly crop losses in vegetables and cereals. The root-knot nematodes, M. artiellia causes damages especially cereals, legumes and cruciferous crops. Isolates of M. artiellia recovered from root and soil samples collected from wheat fields in 2012 growing season were firstly identified by using morphological and molecular aspects in Hatay province of Turkey. M. artiellia was morphologically identified by using morphological features and allometric criteria of second stage juvenile and female. Also, it was molecularly identified by using the sequences of partial mitochondrial DNA cytochrome C oxidase subunit (COI) gene region and clearly separated from other species.