Karyotypes of Bats (Chiroptera: Rhinolophidae, Vespertilionidae) from Jordan
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The karyotypes of four bat species of two families (Rhinolophidae and Vespertilionidae) were examined from Jordan. Bat specimens were captured by use of mist-nets and hand-nets from three localities in Jordan in June 2006. Chromosomes were obtained from femoral bone marrow cells and about 20-30 metaphase cells of each animal were examined. The diploid number of chromosomes (2n) and the fundamental numbers of chromosomal arms (NFa) were determined to be 2n=58 and NFa=60 for Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rh. euryale and Rh. blasii, and 2n=44, NFa=50 for Pipistrellus kuhlii. Karyology of Rh. euryale and P. kuhlii is investigated from Jordan for the first time. The karyotypes of Jordanian bats show similarity to other populations in other countries with respect to the diploid chromosome number, however, the fundamental chromosome number and the number of autosomal arms are quite different.